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Growth of mature boreal Norway spruce was not affected by elevated [CO2] and/or air temperature unless nutrient availability was improved

Citation

Sigurdsson, BD and Medhurst, JL and Wallin, G and Eggertsson, O and Linder, S, Growth of mature boreal Norway spruce was not affected by elevated [CO2] and/or air temperature unless nutrient availability was improved, Tree Physiology, 33, (11) pp. 1192-1205. ISSN 0829-318X (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 the authors

DOI: doi:10.1093/treephys/tpt043

Abstract

The growth responses of mature Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) trees exposed to elevated [CO2] (CE; 670-700ppm) and long-term optimized nutrient availability or elevated air temperature (TE; +3.9 C) were studied in situ in northern Sweden in two 3 year field experiments using 12 whole-tree chambers in ca. 40-year-old forest. The first experiment (Exp. I) studied the interactions between CE and nutrient availability and the second (Exp. II) between CE and TE. It should be noted that only air temperature was elevated in Exp. II, while soil temperature was maintained close to ambient. In Exp. I, CE significantly increased the mean annual height increment, stem volume and biomass increment during the treatment period (25, 28, and 22%, respectively) when nutrients were supplied. There was, however, no significant positive CE effect found at the low natural nutrient availability. In Exp. II, which was conducted at the natural site fertility, neither CE nor TE significantly affected height or stem increment. It is concluded that the low nutrient availability (mainly nitrogen) in the boreal forests is likely to restrict their response to the continuous rise in [CO2] and/or TE.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:boreal forest, global climate change, nitrogen limitation, Picea abies
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Ecological Physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Forestry
Objective Field:Native Forests
Author:Medhurst, JL (Dr Jane Medhurst)
ID Code:89629
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:45
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2014-03-11
Last Modified:2014-06-18
Downloads:0

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