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Population dynamics of the ubiquitous Antarctic benthic amphipod Orchomenella franklini and its vulnerability to environmental change

Citation

Baird, HP and Stark, JS, Population dynamics of the ubiquitous Antarctic benthic amphipod Orchomenella franklini and its vulnerability to environmental change, Polar Biology, 36, (2) pp. 155-167. ISSN 0722-4060 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Springer-Verlag

DOI: doi:10.1007/s00300-012-1246-8

Abstract

Comprehensive ecological research is still lacking for many of the species that dominate the Antarctic benthos, preventing an adequate understanding of their potential response to environmental change. Here, population dynamics were explored in one of the most ubiquitous nearshore Antarctic benthic amphipods, Orchomenella franklini. Sex, reproductive status and body length were recorded for over 6,000 individuals, sampled from a variety of locations and times at Casey station in East Antarctica. Several life history traits were revealed for O. franklini that exemplify adaptations predicted for a polar environment. These include delayed reproduction, extended brood incubation, low fecundity, longevity and seasonal breeding linked to the summer phytoplankton bloom. There was also preliminary evidence of inter-annual and spatial fluctuations in population structure, potentially reflecting local environmental heterogeneity such as sea-ice duration. The influence of both large scale and local environmental conditions on the ecology of O. franklini provides insight into the vulnerability of this species to environmental change.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Life history strategy
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Baird, HP (Dr Helen Baird)
ID Code:89596
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2014-03-07
Last Modified:2014-06-06
Downloads:0

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