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The mechanism of deep inspiration-induced bronchoprotection: evidence from a mouse model

Citation

Wong, RS and Larcombe, AN and Fernandes, LB and Zosky, GR and Noble, PB, The mechanism of deep inspiration-induced bronchoprotection: evidence from a mouse model, The European Respiratory Journal, 40, (4) pp. 982-989. ISSN 0903-1936 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1183/09031936.00204311

Abstract

In healthy individuals, deep inspirations (DIs) taken prior to a bronchial challenge reduce the bronchoconstrictor response, which is termed "bronchoprotection". The mechanism(s) of DI-induced bronchoprotection is unclear.

The forced oscillation technique was used to assess the effect of prior DI on subsequent bronchoconstriction to methacholine (MCh) in BALB/c mice. We assessed likely mechanisms for the bronchoprotective effects of DI including reduced airway narrowing (from changes in airway resistance) and/or closure (changes in tissue elastance) and enhanced bronchodilation to a subsequent DI (% reversal in airway narrowing).

DI prior to MCh challenge: 1) did not reduce but instead enhanced airway narrowing (p<0.05); 2) increased ventilation heterogeneity (p<0.05); 3) enhanced the subsequent bronchodilatory response to DI (p<0.05); and 4) reduced tissue elastance (p<0.05), suggesting opening of closed airways or alveoli units.

Our findings suggest that DI prior to MCh challenge may elicit a series of changes, some of which are beneficial to respiratory function (enhanced bronchodilation), while others place greater load on the system (enhanced bronchoconstriction and ventilation heterogeneity). It is proposed that the relative magnitudes of these opposing physiological and mechanical effects will determine the net effect on respiratory function in health and disease.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Respiratory Diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Respiratory System and Diseases (incl. Asthma)
UTAS Author:Zosky, GR (Professor Graeme Zosky)
ID Code:89458
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2014-03-05
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:0

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