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Adaptation of Australia's marine ecosystems to climate change: using science to inform conservation management

Citation

Johnson, JE and Holbrook, NJ, Adaptation of Australia's marine ecosystems to climate change: using science to inform conservation management, International Journal of Ecology, 2014 Article 140354. ISSN 1687-9708 (2014) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

DOI: doi:10.1155/2014/140354

Abstract

The challenges that climate change poses for marine ecosystems are already manifesting in impacts at the species, population, and community levels in Australia, particularly in Tasmania and tropical northern Australia. Many species and habitats are already under threat as a result of human activities, and the additional pressure from climate change significantly increases the challenge for marine conservation and management. Climate change impacts are expected to magnify as sea surface temperatures, ocean chemistry, ocean circulation, sea level, rainfall, and storm patterns continue to change this century. In particular, keystone species that form the foundation of marine habitats, such as coral reefs, kelp beds, and temperate rocky reefs, are projected to pass thresholds with subsequent implications for communities and ecosystems. This review synthesises recent science in this field: the observed impacts and responses of marine ecosystems to climate change, ecological thresholds of change, and strategies for marine conservation to promote adaptation. Increasing observations of climate-related impacts on Australia’s marine ecosystems— both temperate and tropical—are making adaptive management more important than ever before. Our increased understanding of the impacts and responses of marine ecosystems to climate change provides a focus for "no-regrets" adaptations that can be implemented now and refined as knowledge improves.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:climate change adaptation, marine ecosystems, conservation management
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Ecological Applications
Research Field:Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change
Author:Holbrook, NJ (Associate Professor Neil Holbrook)
ID Code:89219
Year Published:2014
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2014-02-26
Last Modified:2017-10-31
Downloads:347 View Download Statistics

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