Carrea, C and Anderson, LV and Craw, D and Waters, JM and Burridge, CP, The significance of past interdrainage connectivity for studies of diversity, distribution and movement of freshwater-limited taxa within a catchment, Journal of Biogeography, 41, (3) pp. 536-547. ISSN 0305-0270 (2013) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Aim: Historical connectivity between drainages may represent an underappreciated contributor to the biodiversity within a catchment. First, we tested whether an isolated population of freshwater-limited galaxiids represents a contribution by past interdrainage connectivity to this system’s biodiversity, rather than reflecting intracatchment dispersal or speciation. Second, we sought to distinguish between possible geomorphic processes that could have allowed any past connectivity.
Location: The Clutha and adjacent Southland region drainages on the South Island of New Zealand.
Methods: We estimated the phylogeographical relationships among 466 cytochrome b sequences from ‘roundhead’ Galaxias populations throughout the Southland region and the Clutha drainage, using three different methods. Subsequently, possible geomorphic mechanisms of interdrainage connectivity were examined concurrently with genetic population divergence time estimates obtained by coalescent analysis.
Results: All samples obtained in the lower Clutha system were genetically attributable to G. gollumoides and reflected at least a third, independent colonization event from Southland involving this species, rather than intradrainage dispersal or speciation by pre-existing Clutha populations. Geomorphological inferences and divergence time estimates of less than 7 ka are consistent with headwater connections across low divides between the lower Clutha and the Catlins region of Southland, rather than anastomosing of main channels during low sea stands.
Main conclusions: The observation of at least three interdrainage connectivity events influencing the diversity and distribution of G. gollumoides lineages within the Clutha system highlights the potential significance of these processes as contributors to the magnitude and distribution of biodiversity within catchments.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||dispersal mechanisms, fish, freshwater biodiversity, Galaxias, geomorphology, interdrainage connectivity, New Zealand, phylogeography|
|Research Division:||Biological Sciences|
|Research Group:||Evolutionary Biology|
|Research Field:||Biogeography and Phylogeography|
|Objective Group:||Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity|
|Objective Field:||Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity|
|UTAS Author:||Carrea, C (Dr Cecilia Carrea)|
|UTAS Author:||Burridge, CP (Associate Professor Christopher Burridge)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||9|
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