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Relationship of protein molecular structure to metabolisable proteins in different types of dried distillers grains with solubles: A novel approach

Citation

Yu, P and Nuez Ortin, W, Relationship of protein molecular structure to metabolisable proteins in different types of dried distillers grains with solubles: A novel approach, British Journal of Nutrition, 104, (10) pp. 1429-1437. ISSN 0007-1145 (2010) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2010 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.1017/S0007114510002539

Abstract

To date, there has been no study of protein molecular structures affected by bioethanol processing in relation to protein nutritive values of the new co-products of bioethanol production. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between protein molecular structures (in terms of protein -helix and -sheet spectral intensity and their ratio and amide I to amide II spectral intensity and their ratio) and protein rumen degradation kinetics (rate and extent), estimated protein intestinal digestibility and total truly absorbed protein in small intestine (metabolisable protein) in different types of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), such as wheat DDGS, maize DDGS and blend DDGS (wheat:maize=70:30). The protein molecular structures of the different types of DDGS affected by processing were identified using diffuse reflectance IR Fourier transform spectroscopy. The results showed that the protein structure α-helix to β-sheet ratio in the DDGS had a strongly negative correlation with estimated intestinal digestibility of ruminally undegraded protein (%dRUP, R 095, P=004), tended to have a significant correlation with the protein PC subfraction (which was undegradable and contained proteins associated with lignin and tannins and heat-damaged proteins) (R 091, P=009) and had no correlation (P>010) with rumen degradation kinetics (rate and extent), total intestinally absorbed protein supply and degraded protein balance. However, the protein amide I to amide II ratio in the DDGS had a strongly positive correlation with soluble crude protein (CP) (R 099, P<001), protein PA subfraction (which was instantaneously solubilised at time zero) (R 099, P<001), protein PB2 subfraction (which was intermediately degradable) (R 095, P=004) and total digestible CP (R 095, P=004). The amide I to amide II ratio also had strongly negative correlations with ruminally undegraded protein (%RUP: R 096, P=003) and the degraded protein balance (OEB: R 097, P=002), but had no correlation (P>010) with the total intestinally absorbed protein supply. Multiple regression results show that the protein structure α-helix to β-sheet ratio was a better predictor of %dRUP with R 2 092. The amide I to II ratio was a better predictor of the degraded protein balance with R 2 093 in the DDGS. In conclusion, the changes in the protein molecular structure -helix to -sheet ratio and the amide I to amide II ratio during bioethanol processing (either due to fermentation processing or due to heat drying) were highly associated with estimated protein intestinal digestibility and degraded protein balance, but were not associated with total intestinally absorbed protein supply from the DDGS to dairy cattle. The present study indicates that a potential novel method could be developed based on the protein molecular structure parameters to improve the estimation of protein value after a validation in a large-scale in vivo study is done

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:&#945;-Helix to &#946;-sheet ratio; Amide I to amide II ratio; Bioethanol co-products; Metabolisable proteins; Protein molecular structures
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Animal Production
Research Field:Animal Nutrition
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Other Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Field:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products not elsewhere classified
ID Code:88708
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:60
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2014-02-12
Last Modified:2014-06-18
Downloads:0

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