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The Rachel Carson letters and the making of Silent Spring


Paull, J, The Rachel Carson letters and the making of Silent Spring, Sage Open, (July-Sept 2013) pp. 1-12. ISSN 2158-2440 (2013) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 the authors

DOI: doi:10.1177/2158244013494861


Environment, conservation, green, and kindred movements look back to Rachel Carsonís 1962 book Silent Spring as a milestone. The impact of the book, including on government, industry, and civil society, was immediate and substantial, and has been extensively described; however, the provenance of the book has been less thoroughly examined. Using Carsonís personal correspondence, this paper reveals that the primary source for Carsonís book was the extensive evidence and contacts compiled by two biodynamic farmers, Marjorie Spock and Mary T. Richards, of Long Island, New York. Their evidence was compiled for a suite of legal actions (1957-1960) against the U.S. Government and that contested the aerial spraying of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). During Rudolf Steinerís lifetime, Spock and Richards both studied at Steinerís Goetheanum, the headquarters of Anthroposophy, located in Dornach, Switzerland. Spock and Richards were prominent U.S. anthroposophists, and established a biodynamic farm under the tutelage of the leading biodynamics exponent of the time, Dr. Ehrenfried Pfeiffer. When their property was under threat from a government program of DDT spraying, they brought their case, eventually lost it, in the process spent US$100,000, and compiled the evidence that they then shared with Carson, who used it, and their extensive contacts and the trial transcripts, as the primary input for Silent Spring. Carson attributed to Spock, Richards, and Pfeiffer, no credit whatsoever in her book. As a consequence, the organics movement has not received the recognition, that is its due, as the primary impulse for Silent Spring, and it is, itself, unaware of this provenance.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Marjorie Spock, Mary Richards, Ehrenfried Pfeiffer, Long Island, New York, DDT, gypsy moth, organic farming, biodynamic agriculture
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Environmental management not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
UTAS Author:Paull, J (Dr John Paull)
ID Code:88488
Year Published:2013
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2014-02-04
Last Modified:2017-11-03
Downloads:479 View Download Statistics

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