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Intraspecific differences in movement, dive behavior and vertical habitat preferences of a key marine apex predator

Citation

Stehfest, KM and Patterson, TA and Barnett, A and Semmens, JM, Intraspecific differences in movement, dive behavior and vertical habitat preferences of a key marine apex predator, Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 495 pp. 249-262. ISSN 0171-8630 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Inter-Research and CSIRO

DOI: doi:10.3354/meps10563

Abstract

Understanding the patterns of large-scale movements of highly mobile marine predators is essential to understanding the impacts of anthropogenic pressures on the animals and the ecosystems they frequent. The broadnose sevengill shark Notorynchus cepedianus is one of the most important apex predators in temperate coastal areas around the world, yet little is known of its seasonal large-scale movements. Five male and five female sevengill sharks were equipped with pop-up satellite archival tags (PSATs) in a coastal embayment in southern Tasmania, that collected depth and temperature data during winter, when the animals leave the coastal embayment, resulting in a dataset covering a total of 818 d. Animal tracks indicated that males moved northwards into warmer waters, whereas females remained in southern waters. Three of the females stayed in the Tasmanian coastal areas while the other two left, with one of them moving into deeper waters of up to 360 m depth at the southern edge of the Tasmanian shelf before returning to the Tasmanian coast. These sex-specific differences in large-scale movement could potentially lead to the differential exploitation of the sexes when the sharks leave the protected areas where they were tagged. Both males and females switched between diel vertical migration and reverse diel vertical migration over the course of their tracks and displayed oscillatory vertical movements, probably linked to foraging. These vertical movements persisted throughout the tracks, suggesting that sevengill sharks foraged continuously during their migration rather than switching between transiting and foraging modes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:broadnose sevengill shark, Notorynchus cepedianus, pop-up satellite archival tag, biotelemetry, wavelet analysis, sex-specific, hexanchiformes
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Stehfest, KM (Dr Kilian Stehfest)
Author:Barnett, A (Dr Adam Barnett)
Author:Semmens, JM (Associate Professor Jayson Semmens)
ID Code:88197
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2014-01-17
Last Modified:2017-11-01
Downloads:0

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