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The discovery of kimberlites in Antarctica extends the vast Gondwanan cretaceous province

Citation

Yaxley, GM and Kamenetsky, VS and Nichols, GT and Maas, R and Belousova, E and Rosenthal, A and Norman, M, The discovery of kimberlites in Antarctica extends the vast Gondwanan cretaceous province, Nature Communications, 4 Article 2921. ISSN 2041-1723 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Macmillan Publishers

DOI: doi:10.1038/ncomms3921

Abstract

Kimberlites are a volumetrically minor component of the Earth's volcanic record, but are very important as the major commercial source of diamonds and as the deepest samples of the Earth's mantle. They were predominantly emplaced from =2,100 Ma to =10 ka ago, into ancient, stable regions of continental crust (cratons), but are also known from continental rifts and mobile belts. Kimberlites have been reported from almost all major cratons on all continents except for Antarctica. Here we report the first bona fide Antarctic kimberlite occurrence, from the northern Prince Charles Mountains, emplaced during the reactivation of the Lambert Graben associated with rifting of India from Australia-Antarctica. The samples are texturally, mineralogically and geochemically typical of Group I kimberlites from more classical localities. Their =120 Ma ages overlap with those of many kimberlites from other world-wide localities, extending a vast Cretaceous, Gondwanan kimberlite province, for the first time, into Antarctica.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Author:Kamenetsky, VS (Professor Vadim Kamenetsky)
ID Code:88053
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Centre for Ore Deposit Research - CODES CoE
Deposited On:2014-01-09
Last Modified:2017-10-30
Downloads:0

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