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Impact of sea-ice processes on the carbonate system and ocean acidification at the ice-water interface of the Amundsen Gulf, Arctic Ocean

Citation

Fransson, A and Chierici, M and Miller, LA and Carnat, G and Shadwick, EH and Thomas, H and Pineault, S and Papakyriakou, TN, Impact of sea-ice processes on the carbonate system and ocean acidification at the ice-water interface of the Amundsen Gulf, Arctic Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, (12) pp. 7001-7023. ISSN 2169-9275 (2013) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 American Geophysical Union

DOI: doi:10.1002/2013JC009164

Abstract

From sea-ice formation in November 2007 to onset of ice melt in May 2008, we studied the carbonate system in first-year Arctic sea ice, focusing on the impact of calcium-carbonate (CaCO3) saturation states of aragonite (ΩAr) and calcite (ΩCa) at the ice-water interface (UIW). Based on total inorganic carbon (CT) and total alkalinity (AT), and derived pH, CO2, carbonate ion ([CO32−]) concentrations and Ω, we investigated the major drivers such as brine rejection, CaCO3 precipitation, bacterial respiration, primary production and CO2-gas flux in sea ice, brine, frost flowers and UIW. We estimated large variability in sea-ice CT at the top, mid, and bottom ice. Changes due to CaCO3 and CO2-gas flux had large impact on CT in the whole ice core from March to May, bacterial respiration was important at the bottom ice during all months, and primary production in May. It was evident that the sea-ice processes had large impact on UIW, resulting in a five times larger seasonal amplitude of the carbonate system, relative to the upper 20 m. During ice formation, [CO2] increased by 30 Ámol kg−1, [CO32−] decreased by 50 Ámol kg−1, and the ΩAr decreased by 0.8 in the UIW due to CO2-enriched brine from solid CaCO3. Conversely, during ice melt, [CO32−] increased by 90 Ámol kg−1 in the UIW, and Ω increased by 1.4 between March and May, likely due to CaCO3 dissolution and primary production. We estimated that increased ice melt would lead to enhanced oceanic uptake of inorganic carbon to the surface layer.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:sea-ice, ocean acidification, CO2 system, Arctic Ocean
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Chemical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water
Objective Field:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Coastal and Estuarine Environments
Author:Shadwick, EH (Dr Elizabeth Shadwick)
ID Code:88002
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:17
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2014-01-06
Last Modified:2017-11-30
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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