eCite Digital Repository

Detection and attribution of observed changes in Northern Hemisphere spring snow cover

Citation

Rupp, DE and Mote, PW and Bindoff, NL and Stott, PA and Robinson, DA, Detection and attribution of observed changes in Northern Hemisphere spring snow cover, Journal of Climate, 26, (18) pp. 6904-6914. ISSN 0894-8755 (2013) [Refereed Article]


Preview
PDF
948Kb
  

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 American Meteorological Society

DOI: doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00563.1

Abstract

Significant declines in spring Northern Hemisphere (NH) snow cover extent (SCE) have been observed over the last five decades. As one step toward understanding the causes of this decline, an optimal fingerprinting technique is used to look for consistency in the temporal pattern of spring NH SCE between observations and simulations from 15 global climate models (GCMs) that form part of phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. The authors examined simulations from 15 GCMs that included both natural and anthropogenic forcing and simulations from 7 GCMs that included only natural forcing. The decline in observed NH SCE could be largely explained by the combined natural and anthropogenic forcing but not by natural forcing alone. However, the 15 GCMs, taken as a whole, underpredicted the combined forcing response by a factor of 2. How much of this underprediction was due to underrepresentation of the sensitivity to external forcing of the GCMs or to their underrepresentation of internal variability has yet to be determined.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Northern Hemisphere, snow cover, snow cover extent
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Atmospheric Sciences
Research Field:Climate Change Processes
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate Change Models
Author:Bindoff, NL (Professor Nathan Bindoff)
ID Code:87980
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:20
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2013-12-24
Last Modified:2015-02-05
Downloads:207 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page