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Noninvasive assessment of pulmonary vascular resistance by doppler echocardiography


Abbas, AE and Franey, LM and Marwick, T and Maeder, MT and Kaye, DM and Vlahos, AP and Serra, W and Al-Azizi, K and Schiller, NB and Lester, SJ, Noninvasive assessment of pulmonary vascular resistance by doppler echocardiography, Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, 26, (10) pp. 1170-1177. ISSN 0894-7317 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 American Society of Echocardiography

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.echo.2013.06.003


Background: The ratio of tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV) to the time-velocity integral of the right ventricular outflow tract (TVIRVOT) has been studied as a reliable measure to distinguish elevated from normal pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). The equation TRV/TVIRVOT x 10 + 0.16 (PVRecho) has been shown to provide a good noninvasive estimate of PVR. However, its role in patients with significantly elevated PVR (> 6 Wood units [WU]) has not been conclusively evaluated. The aim of this study was to establish the validity of the TRV/TVIRVOT ratio as a correlate of PVR. The role of TRV/TVIRVOT was also compared with that of a new ratio, TRV 2/TVIRVOT, in patients with markedly elevated PVR (>6 WU).

Methods: Data from five validation studies using TRV/TVIRVOT as an estimate of PVR were compared with invasive PVR measurements (PVR cath). Multiple linear regression analyses were generated between PVRcath and both TRV/TVIRVOT and TRV2/TVIRVOT. Both PVRecho and a new derived regression equation based on TRV2/TVIRVOT: 5.19 x TRV 2/TVIRVOT - 0.4 (PVRecho2) were compared with PVRcath using Bland-Altman analysis. Logistic models were generated, and cutoff values for both TRV/TVIRVOT and TRV2/TVIRVOT were obtained to predict PVR > 6 WU.

Results: One hundred fifty patients remained in the final analysis. Linear regression analysis between PVRcath and TRV/TVIRVOT revealed a good correlation (r = 0.76, P <.0001, Z = 0.92). There was a better correlation between PVRcath and TRV2/TVIRVOT (r = 0.79, P <.0001, Z = -0.01) in the entire cohort as well as in patients with PVR > 6 WU. Moreover, PVRecho2 compared better with PVRcath than PVRecho using Bland-Altman analysis in the entire cohort and in patients with PVR > 6 WU. TRV2/TVIRVOT and TRV/TVIRVOT both predicted PVR > 6 WU with good sensitivity and specificity.

Conclusions: TRV/TVIRVOT is a reliable method to identify patients with elevated PVR. In patients with TRV/TVIRVOT > 0.275, PVR is likely > 6 WU, and PVRecho2 derived from TRV 2/TVIRVOT provides an improved noninvasive estimate of PVR compared with PVRecho.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:pulmonary vascular resistance, Doppler echocardiography, pulmonary hypertension
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Marwick, T (Professor Tom Marwick)
ID Code:87837
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:115
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2013-12-10
Last Modified:2014-11-10

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