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Workplace Physical Activity Interventions: A Systematic Review

Citation

To, QG and Chen, TTL and Magnussen, CG and To, KG, Workplace Physical Activity Interventions: A Systematic Review, American Journal of Health Promotion, 27, (6) pp. e113-e123. ISSN 0890-1171 (2013) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 by American Journal of Health Promotion, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.4278/ajhp.120425-LIT-222

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of workplace interventions in improving physical activity. DATA SOURCE: EBSCO research database (and all subdatabases). STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Articles were published from 2000 to 2010 in English, had appropriate designs, and measured employees' physical activity, energy consumption, and/or body mass index (BMI) as primary outcomes. Articles that did not meet the inclusion criteria were excluded. DATA EXTRACTION: Data extracted included study design, study population, duration, intervention activities, outcomes, and results. DATA SYNTHESIS: Data were synthesized into one table. Results of each relevant outcome including p values were combined. RESULTS: Twelve (60%) of 20 selected interventions reported an improvement in physical activity level, steps, or BMI, and there was one slowed step reduction in the intervention group. Among these, 10 were less than 6 months in duration; 9 used pedometers; 6 applied Internet-based approaches; and 5 included activities targeting social and environmental levels. Seven of 8 interventions with pre-posttest and quasi-experimental controlled design showed improvement on at least one outcome. However, 7 of 12 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) did not prove effective in any outcome. CONCLUSION: Interventions that had less rigorous research designs, used pedometers, applied Internet-based approaches, and included activities at social and environmental levels were more likely to report being effective than those without these characteristics.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Physical Activity; Review; Workplace; Worksite; Intervention; Exercise; Health Promotion; Effectiveness
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Health and Support Services
Objective Field:Evaluation of Health Outcomes
Author:Magnussen, CG (Dr Costan Magnussen)
ID Code:87795
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:41
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2013-12-06
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:5 View Download Statistics

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