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Convict transportation in global context, c.1700-88


Christopher, E and Maxwell-Stewart, H, Convict transportation in global context, c.1700-88, The Cambridge History of Australia: Indigenous and Colonial Australia, Cambridge University Press, Alison Bashford and Stuart Macintyre (ed), New York, pp. 68-90. ISBN 9781107011533 (2013) [Research Book Chapter]

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Copyright 2013 Cambridge University Press

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On 18 January 1788 the Royal Navy's armed tender, Supply, sailed into a large estuarine inlet on the eastern seaboard of the continental mass of Australia. This was a place that British vessels had been to before. James Cook had visited in April 1770, naming it Sting Ray Harbour on account of the large number of fish of that species netted by the crew of the Endeavour. He later renamed the expanse of water Botany Bay - a reference to the haul of exotic plants garnered by Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, the expedition's scientists. Yet it was the subsequent visit of the Supply that was to make Botany Bay a British household name. Over the following two days a collection of six blunt-nosed and round-bodied transport vessels slipped into the harbour, accompanied by three store ships and HMS Sirius. On board were officers, seamen and marines, plus 736 convicts. This 'First Fleet' was a harbinger of things to come. Over the next So years it would be followed by a further 8oo transports that would deliver a total of 16o,ooo convicts to Britain's Australian colonies.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:Convict Transportation, Colonisation
Research Division:History, Heritage and Archaeology
Research Group:Historical studies
Research Field:Australian history
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in human society
UTAS Author:Maxwell-Stewart, H (Professor Hamish Maxwell-Stewart)
ID Code:87771
Year Published:2013
Deposited By:School of Humanities
Deposited On:2013-12-05
Last Modified:2018-03-13

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