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Genetic basis of neurocognitive decline and reduced white-matter integrity in normal human brain aging

Citation

Glahn, DC and Kent Jr, JW and Sprooten, E and Diego, VP and Winkler, AM and Curran, JE and McKay, DR and Knowles, EE and Carless, MA and Goring, HH and Dyer, TD and Olvera, RL and Fox, PT and Almasy, L and Charlesworth, J and Kochunov, P and Duggirala, R and Blangero, J, Genetic basis of neurocognitive decline and reduced white-matter integrity in normal human brain aging, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of The United States of America, 110, (47) pp. 19006-19011. ISSN 0027-8424 (2013) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 PNAS

DOI: doi:10.1073/pnas.1313735110

Abstract

Identification of genes associated with brain aging should markedly improve our understanding of the biological processes that govern normal age-related decline. However, challenges to identifying genes that facilitate successful brain aging are considerable, including a lack of established phenotypes and difficulties in modeling the effects of aging per se, rather than genes that influence the underlying trait. In a large cohort of randomly selected pedigrees (n = 1,129 subjects), we documented profound aging effects from young adulthood to old age (18-83 y) on neurocognitive ability and diffusion-based white-matter measures. Despite significant phenotypic correlation between white-matter integrity and tests of processing speed, working memory, declarative memory, and intelligence, no evidence for pleiotropy between these classes of phenotypes was observed. Applying an advanced quantitative gene-by-environment interaction analysis where age is treated as an environmental factor, we demonstrate a heritable basis for neurocognitive deterioration as a function of age. Furthermore, by decomposing gene-by-aging (G A) interactions, we infer that different genes influence some neurocognitive traits as a function of age, whereas other neurocognitive traits are influenced by the same genes, but to differential levels, from young adulthood to old age. In contrast, increasing white-matter incoherence with age appears to be nongenetic. These results clearly demonstrate that traits sensitive to the genetic influences on brain aging can be identified, a critical first step in delineating the biological mechanisms of successful aging.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:neurocognition, diffusion tensor imaging, fractional anisotropy, genetic correlation, gene x environment interaction
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Genetics
Research Field:Neurogenetics
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Neurodegenerative Disorders Related to Ageing
Author:Charlesworth, J (Dr Jac Charlesworth)
ID Code:87721
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:33
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2013-12-04
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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