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Strigolactones stimulate internode elongation independently of gibberellins


de Saint Germain, A and Ligerot, Y and Dun, EA and Pillot, J-P and Ross, JJ and Beveridge, CA and Rameau, C, Strigolactones stimulate internode elongation independently of gibberellins, Plant Physiology, 163, (2) pp. 1012-1025. ISSN 0032-0889 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 American Society of Plant Biologists

DOI: doi:10.1104/pp.113.220541


Strigolactone (SL) mutants in diverse species show reduced stature in addition to their extensive branching. Here, we show that this dwarfism in pea (Pisum sativum) is not attributable to the strong branching of the mutants. The continuous supply of the synthetic SL GR24 via the root system using hydroponics can restore internode length of the SL-deficient rms1 mutant but not of the SL-response rms4 mutant, indicating that SLs stimulate internode elongation via RMS4. Cytological analysis of internode epidermal cells indicates that SLs control cell number but not cell length, suggesting that SL may affect stem elongation by stimulating cell division. Consequently, SLs can repress (in axillary buds) or promote (in the stem) cell division in a tissuedependent manner. Because gibberellins (GAs) increase internode length by affecting both cell division and cell length, we tested if SLs stimulate internode elongation by affecting GA metabolism or signaling. Genetic analyses using SL-deficient and GAdeficient or DELLA-deficient double mutants, together with molecular and physiological approaches, suggest that SLs act independently from GAs to stimulate internode elongation.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Strigolactones, Internode Elongation, Gibberellins, Pea
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural crops
Objective Field:Field grown vegetable crops
UTAS Author:Ross, JJ (Associate Professor John Ross)
ID Code:87451
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:105
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2013-11-18
Last Modified:2017-11-02

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