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Cognitive emotion regulation strategies contributing to resilience in patients with depression and/or anxiety disorders

Citation

Min, J-A and Yu, JJ and Lee, C-U and Chae, J-H, Cognitive emotion regulation strategies contributing to resilience in patients with depression and/or anxiety disorders, Comprehensive Psychiatry, 54, (8) pp. 1190-1197. ISSN 0010-440X (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Published by Elsevier Inc

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.05.008

Abstract

Objective: Research suggests that resilience is associated with favorable treatment outcome in patients with depression and/or anxiety disorders. In this regard, the identification of specific characteristics related to resilience that could provide targets for resilience-enhancement interventions is needed. Since the type of cognitive coping strategies is a possible marker of resilience, we investigated adaptive and maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies contributing to resilience in patients with depression and/or anxiety disorders.

Methods: A total of 230 outpatients with depression and anxiety disorders were consecutively recruited and completed the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, the Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the State Anxiety Inventory. A linear regression model was used to determine which cognitive emotion regulation strategies predicted resilience after controlling for relevant covariates. Additionally, this model of resilience was compared with those of depression and anxiety symptoms.

Results: Adaptive strategies were more strongly correlated with resilience than maladaptive strategies. In the regression model, more use of refocus on planning and positive reappraisal as well as less use of rumination predicted high resilience after controlling for age, gender, marital status, depression, and anxiety. Among these strategies, refocus on planning was the common strategy contributing to resilience and depression.

Conclusion: These results suggested that the cognitive emotion regulation strategies of refocus on planning, positive reappraisal, and less rumination contribute to resilience in patients with depression and anxiety disorders. It might provide potential targets for psychotherapeutic intervention to improve resilience in these patients.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:resilience, cognitive emotion regulation strategies, depression and anxiety disorders
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Yu, JJ (Dr JJ Yu)
ID Code:87183
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:27
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2013-11-09
Last Modified:2014-07-25
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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