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Ice flow relations for stress and strain-rate components from combined shear and compression laboratory experiments


Budd, WF and Warner, RC and Jacka, TH and Li, J and Treverrow, A, Ice flow relations for stress and strain-rate components from combined shear and compression laboratory experiments, Journal of Glaciology, 59, (214) pp. 374-392. ISSN 0022-1430 (2013) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 International Glaciological Society

DOI: doi:10.3189/2013JoG12J106


The generalized (Glen) flow relation for ice, involving the second invariants of the stress deviator and strain-rate tensors, is only expected to hold for isotropic polycrystalline ice. Previous single-stress experiments have shown that for the steady-state flow, which develops at large strains, the tertiary strain rate is greater than the minimum (secondary creep) value by an enhancement factor which is larger for shear than compression. Previous experiments combining shear with compression normal to the shear plane have shown that enhancement of the tertiary octahedral strain rate increases monotonically from compression alone to shear alone. Additional experiments and analyses presented here were conducted to further investigate how the separate tertiary shear and compression strain-rate components are related in combined stress situations. It is found that tertiary compression rates are more strongly influenced by the addition of shear than is given by a Glen-type flow relation, whereas shear is less influenced by additional compression. A scalar function formulation of the flow relation is proposed, which fits the tertiary creep data well and is readily adapted to a generalized form that can be extended to other stress configurations and applied in ice mass modelling.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ice flow relations, stress and strain-rate, combined shear
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical geography and environmental geoscience
Research Field:Glaciology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Budd, WF (Professor William Budd)
UTAS Author:Warner, RC (Dr Roland Warner)
UTAS Author:Treverrow, A (Dr Adam Treverrow)
ID Code:86828
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:35
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2013-10-26
Last Modified:2017-10-30

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