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Late Pleistocene and early Holocene change in the Weddell Sea: a new climate record from the Patriot Hills, Ellsworth Mountains, West Antarctica


Turney, C and Fogwill, C and van Ommen, TD and Moy, AD and Etheridge, D and Rubino, M and Curran, MAJ and Rivera, A, Late Pleistocene and early Holocene change in the Weddell Sea: a new climate record from the Patriot Hills, Ellsworth Mountains, West Antarctica, Journal of Quaternary Science, 28, (7) pp. 697-704. ISSN 0267-8179 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1002/jqs.2668


The transition from the late Pleistocene to the Holocene (30 0005000 years ago) was a period of considerable climate variability, which has been associated with changes in deep water formation and the intensity of the Meridional Overturning Circulation. Although numerous records exist across the North Atlantic region, few Antarctic ice core records have been obtained from the south. Here we exploit the potential of upwelling ancient ice so-called blue ice areas (BIAs) from the Patriot Hills in the Ellsworth Mountains to derive the first deuterium isotope record (δD) from continental Antarctica south of the Weddell Sea. Gas analysis and glaciological considerations provide a first relative chronology. Inferred temperature trends from the Patriot Hills BIA and snow pit suggest changing climate influences during the transition between the last glacial period and Holocene. Under modern conditions, the interplay between the Antarctic high-pressure system and the Southern Annular Mode appears to play a significant role in controlling katabatic wind flow over the site while the BIA record suggests that greater sea ice extent during the last glacial period was a major control. Our results demonstrate the considerable potential of the Patriot Hills site for reconstructing past climate change in the south Atlantic region.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Blue Ice Area, katabatic winds, sea ice
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical geography and environmental geoscience
Research Field:Palaeoclimatology
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Climate variability (excl. social impacts)
UTAS Author:van Ommen, TD (Dr Tas van Ommen)
UTAS Author:Moy, AD (Dr Andrew Moy)
UTAS Author:Curran, MAJ (Dr Mark Curran)
ID Code:86797
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2013-10-23
Last Modified:2017-10-30

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