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Protein synthesis in crustaceans: a review focused on feeding and nutrition

Citation

Carter, CG and Mente, E, Protein synthesis in crustaceans: a review focused on feeding and nutrition, Central European Journal of Biology, 9, (1) pp. 1-10. ISSN 1895-104X (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Versita Sp. z o.o.

DOI: doi:10.2478/s11535-013-0134-0

Abstract

This review aimed to place crustacean research on in vivo protein synthesis into a broader context, assess its potential for providing further insights into crustacean nutrition and physiology, and recommend future directions relevant to crustacean aquaculture. In crustaceans the flooding dose measurement of protein synthesis is the only method that has been used, it is relatively complex, time consuming and uses radioactive labels. Protein synthesis provides a subtle approach to assessing imbalances and deficiencies in dietary amino acid and energy. In addition, the calculation of protein synthesis retention efficiency (SRE) is recommended in order to understand and optimize parameters such as feeding regime and diet composition. For prawns, SRE was highest at optimum dietary protein content and quality. Similarly the most efficient feeding regimes in juvenile lobsters were demonstrated by the highest efficiency of retaining synthesized protein. Understanding how various abiotic and biotic factors influence protein synthesis has great potential for improving different aspects of crustacean aquaculture but very few studies have done this; better knowledge of how abiotic and biotic factors affect crustacean protein synthesis will contribute to optimising growth of crustaceans in culture.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:fisheries, aquaculture, crustaceans, protein metabolism, protein synthesis
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Aquaculture
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Aquaculture
Objective Field:Aquaculture Crustaceans (excl. Rock Lobster and Prawns)
Author:Carter, CG (Professor Chris Carter)
ID Code:86795
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2013-10-22
Last Modified:2015-03-11
Downloads:0

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