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The missing link between granites and granitic pegmatites

Citation

Thomas, R and Davidson, P, The missing link between granites and granitic pegmatites, Journal of Geosciences, 58, (2) pp. 183-200. ISSN 1802-6222 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Czech Geological Society

DOI: doi:10.3190/jgeosci.135

Abstract

In this contribution we provide evidence for the extraction of volatile and incompatible element enriched melts from common granites. This provides a mechanism showing that at least a large proportion of granitic pegmatites could be genetically directly connected to a main granite body. In granites there are often two principal types of melt inclusions: (i) those that represent the bulk chemistry of the granite and (ii) those with very different compositions. In the Variscan Erzgebirge granites, the second type is characterized by the abundance of fluorine. However, in other geodynamic settings inclusions in granites can contain high concentrations of other elements which may take over the function of fluorine. From textural relationships the second inclusion type represents intergranular melts enriched in all elements incompatible with the ideal haplogranite system. Due to the high volatile content of such melts, the viscosity can be several orders of magnitude lower than the quasi-solid bulk system and can therefore move rapidly through the partially or totally crystallized host, and flow together into a separate system forming pegmatite bodies inside or outside the granite body. Another important effect of the high volatile content is the phase separation resulting from the speciation changes OH- -> H2O or CO32- -> CO2 due to temperature and/or pressure changes at different locations within the granite-intergranular melt system. Since melt inclusions provide a means of conserving original un-degassed compositions, they yield important evidence for closing the gap between granites and granitic pegmatites. The paper is dedicated to two Czech colleagues - Petr Cerny and Milan Novak - who have devoted their lives to the study of granitic pegmatites.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:granites, pegmatites, melt inclusions, intergranular melts, F-, P-, and B-rich melts
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Author:Davidson, P (Dr Paul Davidson)
ID Code:86660
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:Centre for Ore Deposit Research - CODES CoE
Deposited On:2013-10-08
Last Modified:2017-10-30
Downloads:0

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