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Understanding and Evaluating IT Budgets and Funding
Venkatraman, I and Shantapriyan, PT, Understanding and Evaluating IT Budgets and Funding, Proceedings of the 8th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management and 3rd International Conference on Utility Management & Safety, 30 October - 1 November 2013, Hong Kong, pp. 1-8. (2013) [Conference Extract]
|PDF (Chapter from publisher (Springer) published and online http://www.springer.com/engineering/production+engineering/book/978-3-319-09506-6 )|
|PDF (table of contents for book)|
The average firm spends over two-thirds of the IT budget on maintaining the present infrastructure and architecture. The IT budget in turn makes up between thirty to fifty percent of the capital expenditure of a firm annually. An appreciation of how IT expenditure is best translated into effective future firm value would enhance an understanding of funding for new IT investments and operations. In an era where IT infrastructure is ubiquitous, a sound approach to IT budgeting is essential. This paper proposes a framework, extending Weill & Ross (2009) in a multi-dimensional context, which it is argued supports this end.
Four models for budgeting and funding for IT in firms exist in the professional literature. These are: Charge Based (CB), Lord and Master (LM), Revenue Percentage (RP) and Absolute Outsourcing (AO) models. CB is a model where the internal IT unit is treated as a service provider and paid for services implemented. In LM, a firmís IT unit has absolute control over implementation and execution of IT services. RP is where the IT unit competes for budgets in the form of a percentage of the organisationís overall profits. In AO IT is outsourced.
The paper proceeds by evaluating these models to develop a framework to assist IT budget and funding. Evaluation is delivered using IT capability constructs by Aral and Weill (2007) and the Innovation Ambition Matrix by Nagji and Tuff (2012). The framework will help firms to determine if they need to change their IT related financial environment.
|Item Type:||Conference Extract|
|Keywords:||performance monitoring and management, IT budgets, funding models|
|Research Division:||Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services|
|Research Group:||Accounting, auditing and accountability|
|Research Field:||Management accounting|
|Objective Division:||Economic Framework|
|Objective Group:||Management and productivity|
|Objective Field:||Management and productivity not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Shantapriyan, PT (Dr Paul Shantapriyan)|
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