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Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean [in 'state of the Climate in 2012']

Citation

Baringer, MO and Johns, WE and McCarthy, G and Willis, J and Garzoli, S and Lankhorst, M and Meinen, CS and Send, U and Hobbs, WR and Cunningham, SA and Rayner, D and Smeed, DA and Kanzow, TO and Heimbach, P and Frajka-Williams, E and Macdonald, A and Dong, S and Marotzke, J, Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean [in 'state of the Climate in 2012'], American Meteorological Society. Bulletin, 94, (8) pp. S65-S68. ISSN 0003-0007 (2013) [Substantial Review]


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Abstract

The meridional overturning circulation (MOC) is typically defined as the maximum of the zonallyintegrated mass transport stream function. In the Atlantic Ocean the MOC is the large-scale circulation that transports warm near-surface water northward, thereby transferring heat to the atmosphere and returning southward as colder, denser, deeper water. The actual flows are more complicated than this simple description and for further details the reader should see previous State of the Climate reports (e.g., Baringer et al. 2011, 2012) or the recent reviews of Srokosz et al. (2012) or Lozier (2012).

Item Details

Item Type:Substantial Review
Keywords:Climate variability; climate change
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate and Climate Change not elsewhere classified
Author:Hobbs, WR (Dr Will Hobbs)
ID Code:86455
Year Published:2013
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2013-09-17
Last Modified:2014-06-05
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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