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The 'Operationalized Predicaments of Suicide' (OPS) applied to Northern Territory coroners' reports

Citation

Pridmore, S and Kuipers, P and Appleton, J, The 'Operationalized Predicaments of Suicide' (OPS) applied to Northern Territory coroners' reports, Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 6, (3) pp. 214-217. ISSN 1876-2018 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Elsevier

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ajp.2012.12.003

Abstract

Objective: To apply the ‘‘Operationalized Predicaments of Suicide’’ (OPS) to coroners’ reports with a view to classifying the drivers/triggers of suicide in the Northern Territory (Australia) for the years July 2000– December 2010, with attention to the total population, and to a comparison of suicide triggers for the Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities.

Methods: A total of 411 reports (Indigenous, 198; non-Indigenous, 213) were obtained from the National Coroners Information System (NCIS). A research officer thematically analysed each case report and classified each according to the four categories of the OPS. Calculations were performed for the entire sample and comparisons were made between Indigenous and non-Indigenous groups.

Results: For the total sample, 20% of suicides were triggered by mental illness, and 58% were triggered by social/environmental events. In 9% there were both mental illness and social/environmental factors, and in 14% no triggers could be identified. There were group differences; the non-Indigenous group was over represented in the mental illness category and the Indigenous group was over represented in the social/ environmental category (χ2 (3) = 41.5, p = 0.000).

Conclusions: Social/environmental stressors are important triggers of suicide in the Northern Territory. Social/environmental stressors were more often the suicide trigger in Indigenous community suicide compared to non-Indigenous community suicide.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:suicide, suicide prevention, indigenous health
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Mental Health
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Mental Health
Author:Pridmore, S (Professor Saxby Pridmore)
ID Code:86312
Year Published:2013
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2013-09-05
Last Modified:2017-11-07
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