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Targeting Suboptimal Prescribing in the Elderly: A Review of the Impact of Pharmacy Services


Castelino, RL and Bajorek, BV and Chen, TF, Targeting Suboptimal Prescribing in the Elderly: A Review of the Impact of Pharmacy Services, The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 43, (June) pp. 1096-. ISSN 1060-0280 (2009) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 Sage Publications

DOI: doi:10.1345/aph.1L700


OBJECTIVE: To review the currently available literature on the impact of interventions by pharmacists on suboptimal prescribing in the elderly. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts databases were searched for studies published between January 1992 and December 2008. Key words included medication review, drug regimen review, pharmaceutical services, pharmaceutical care, pharmacists, medications, appropriateness, suboptimal, underuse, aged, elderly, randomized controlled trial, inappropriate, prescribing, and intervention. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: To be included in the review, studies must have been conducted in patients 65 years or older, published in English, randomized and controlled, and must have included an intervention delivered by a pharmacist or had a pharmacist as a member of the intervention team. From each relevant study, the following data were extracted: study duration, country, number of patients, year of publication, objective, type and impact of the intervention, method used to assess suboptimal prescribing, and data concerning the quality of the study. DATA SYNTHESIS: A total of 38 articles were identified, of which 12 matched our inclusion criteria. Seven articles included interventions initiated by pharmacists, and the remaining 5 described interventions in which the pharmacist was a part of the multidisciplinary team. A broad range of tools was used to measure prescribing appropriateness; we found that a consensus on the best approach has not been reached. Most of the studies involving pharmacists showed significant improvement in suboptimal prescribing at one or more time points. However, most of these interventions were directed toward reducing the overuse or misuse of medications. CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacy services to reduce suboptimal prescribing have shown promising and noteworthy improvements. More research is needed to address the underutilization of medications in the elderly and healthcare impact of reducing suboptimal prescribing.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:inappropriate prescribing, pharmacist interventions, elderly
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences
Research Field:Clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other health
Objective Field:Other health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Castelino, RL (Dr Ronald Castelino)
ID Code:86270
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:91
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2013-09-02
Last Modified:2014-07-22

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