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Adsorption and desorption of methylene blue on porous carbon monoliths and nanocrystalline cellulose

Citation

He, X and Male, KB and Nesterenko, PN and Brabazon, D and Paull, B and Luong, JHT, Adsorption and desorption of methylene blue on porous carbon monoliths and nanocrystalline cellulose, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 5, (17) pp. 8796-8804. ISSN 1944-8244 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 American Chemical Society

DOI: doi:10.1021/am403222u

Abstract

The dynamic batch adsorption of methylene blue (MB), a widely used and toxic dye, onto nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) and crushed powder of carbon monolith (CM) was investigated using the pseudo-first- and -second-order kinetics. CM outperformed NCC with a maximum capacity of 127 mg/g compared to 101 mg/g for NCC. The Langmuir isotherm model was applicable for describing the binding data for MB on CM and NCC, indicating the homogeneous surface of these two materials. The Gibbs free energy of−15.22 kJ/mol estimated for CM unravelled the spontaneous nature of this adsorbent for MB, appreciably faster than the use of NCC (−4.47 kJ/mol). Both pH and temperature exhibited only a modest effect on the adsorption of MB onto CM. The desorption of MB from CM using acetonitrile was very effective with more than 94 % of MB desorbed from CM within 10 min to allow the reusability of this porous carbon material. In contrast, acetonitrile was less effective than ethanol in desorbing MB from NCC. The two solvents were incapable of completely desorbing MB on commercial granular coal-derived activated carbon.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:varbon monolith, nanocrystalline cellulose, activated carbon, methylene blue, adsorption, desorption, kinetics
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical Chemistry
Research Field:Separation Science
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Author:Nesterenko, PN (Professor Pavel Nesterenko)
Author:Paull, B (Professor Brett Paull)
ID Code:86118
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:88
Deposited By:Austn Centre for Research in Separation Science
Deposited On:2013-08-26
Last Modified:2017-11-03
Downloads:0

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