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Epigenetic regulation of inducible gene expression in the immune system

Citation

Lim, PS and Li, J and Holloway, AF and Rao, S, Epigenetic regulation of inducible gene expression in the immune system, Immunology, 139, (3) pp. 285-293. ISSN 0019-2805 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 John Wiley & Sons.

DOI: doi:10.1111/imm.12100

Abstract

Summary: T cells are exquisitely poised to respond rapidly to pathogens and have proved an instructive model for exploring the regulation of inducible genes. Individual genes respond to antigenic stimulation in different ways, and it has become clear that the interplay between transcription factors and the chromatin platform of individual genes governs these responses. Our understanding of the complexity of the chromatin platform and the epigenetic mechanisms that contribute to transcriptional control has expanded dramatically in recent years. These mechanisms include the presence/absence of histone modification marks, which form an epigenetic signature to mark active or inactive genes. These signatures are dynamically added or removed by epigenetic enzymes, comprising an array of histone-modifying enzymes, including the more recently recognized chromatin-associated signalling kinases. In addition, chromatin-remodelling complexes physically alter the chromatin structure to regulate chromatin accessibility to transcriptional regulatory factors. The advent of genome-wide technologies has enabled characterization of the chromatin landscape of T cells in terms of histone occupancy, histone modification patterns and transcription factor association with specific genomic regulatory regions, generating a picture of the T-cell epigenome. Here, we discuss the multi-layered regulation of inducible gene expression in the immune system, focusing on the interplay between transcription factors, and the T-cell epigenome, including the role played by chromatin remodellers and epigenetic enzymes. We will also use IL2, a key inducible cytokine gene in T cells, as an example of how the different layers of epigenetic mechanisms regulate immune responsive genes during T-cell activation. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:genomics; T cells; transcription factors/gene regulation
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Genetics
Research Field:Epigenetics (incl. Genome Methylation and Epigenomics)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Immune System and Allergy
Author:Holloway, AF (Associate Professor Adele Holloway)
ID Code:85566
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:32
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2013-07-18
Last Modified:2017-11-07
Downloads:0

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