eCite Digital Repository

Visual determinants of instability and falls in older people


Menant, JC and Smith, ST and Lord, SR, Visual determinants of instability and falls in older people, Aging Health, 4, (6) pp. 643-650. ISSN 1745-509X (2008) [Review Several Works]

DOI: doi:10.2217/1745509X.4.6.643


Poor vision (in particular, reduced contrast sensitivity, depth perception and visual field size) reduces postural stability and increases the risk of falls and fractures in older people. Multifocal glasses may add to this risk by impairing distance contrast sensitivity and depth perception. Maximizing vision through cataract surgery and occupational therapy interventions involving home hazards reduction in visually impaired older people are effective strategies for fall prevention. Although interventions involving vision assessment and provision of new spectacles improve visual acuity in older people, this strategy may not reduce, and may even increase, the risk of falls. Further randomized, controlled trials are required to determine whether restriction of use of multifocal glasses and multifaceted visual interventions can significantly reduce falls in older people.

Item Details

Item Type:Review Several Works
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Health related to ageing
UTAS Author:Smith, ST (Associate Professor Stuart Smith)
ID Code:85434
Year Published:2008
Deposited By:Health Sciences A
Deposited On:2013-07-05
Last Modified:2013-07-05

Repository Staff Only: item control page