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Thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness in suicide notes

Citation

Gunn III, JF and Lester, D and Haines, J and Williams, CL, Thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness in suicide notes, Crisis, 33, (3) pp. 178-181. ISSN 0227-5910 (2012) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Hogrefe Publishing

DOI: doi:10.1027/0227-5910/a000123

Abstract

Background: Joiner’s interpersonal theory of suicide postulates that suicide occurs because of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, combined with a capability for committing suicide.

Aims: The present study examines the frequency of the presence of the themes of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness in suicide notes.

Methods: A total of 261 suicide notes from 1091 consecutive completed suicides in Tasmania were rated for the presence of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness. Results: Contrary to the theory, few suicide notes were found to include perceived burdensomeness (10.3%) and thwarted belongingness (30.7%), and only 4.2% had both themes. The notes of women more often contained the theme of perceived burdensomeness, while the notes of younger suicides more often contained the theme of thwarted belongingness.

Conclusions: Joiner’s theory of suicide may apply to only a small percentage of suicides who leave suicide notes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:suicide notes, burdensomeness, belongingness, Tasmania
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Haines, J (Dr Janet Haines)
ID Code:85198
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2013-06-18
Last Modified:2013-11-04
Downloads:0

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