Gunn III, JF and Lester, D and Haines, J and Williams, CL, Thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness in suicide notes, Crisis, 33, (3) pp. 178-181. ISSN 0227-5910 (2012) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2012 Hogrefe Publishing
Background: Joiner’s interpersonal theory of suicide postulates that suicide occurs because of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, combined with a capability for committing suicide.
Aims: The present study examines the frequency of the presence of the themes of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness in suicide notes.
Methods: A total of 261 suicide notes from 1091 consecutive completed suicides in Tasmania were rated for the presence of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness. Results: Contrary to the theory, few suicide notes were found to include perceived burdensomeness (10.3%) and thwarted belongingness (30.7%), and only 4.2% had both themes. The notes of women more often contained the theme of perceived burdensomeness, while the notes of younger suicides more often contained the theme of thwarted belongingness.Conclusions: Joiner’s theory of suicide may apply to only a small percentage of suicides who leave suicide notes.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||suicide notes, burdensomeness, belongingness, Tasmania|
|Research Division:||Psychology and Cognitive Sciences|
|Research Field:||Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology|
|Objective Division:||Expanding Knowledge|
|Objective Group:||Expanding Knowledge|
|Objective Field:||Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences|
|UTAS Author:||Haines, J (Dr Janet Haines)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||16|
|Deposited By:||Research Division|
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