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Quantitative mapping of the oxidative effects of mantle metasomatism

Citation

Berry, AJ and Yaxley, GM and Hanger, BJ and Woodland, AB and de Jonge, MD and Howard, DL and Paterson, D and Kamenetsky, VS, Quantitative mapping of the oxidative effects of mantle metasomatism, Geology, 41, (6) pp. 683-686. ISSN 0091-7613 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Geological Society of America

DOI: doi:10.1130/G34119.1

Abstract

The oxidation state of Fe in garnets in a garnet peridotite xenolith from the Wesselton kimberlite (South Africa) was quantitatively mapped using X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy. Maps of Fe3+/ΣFe were produced by recording the fluorescence intensity at discrete energies rather than recording the full spectrum at each point. The intensity at each point in the map was quantitatively converted to Fe3+/ΣFe with reference to a linear calibration derived from garnet standards for which Fe3+/ΣFe had been determined previously by Mössbauer spectroscopy. The resolution of these maps approaches that of elemental maps obtained using an electron microprobe. The maps reveal zoning in Fe3+/ΣFe between the core (0.075) and rim (0.125) that correlates with zoning of other elements. The rims record an oxidizing metasomatic event in the lithospheric mantle. The oxygen fugacity (fO2) of this metasomatism is considerably higher than expected from studies of homogeneous garnets that exhibit metasomatic signatures; such garnets may represent a re-equilibrated average of the original (core) and metasomatic (rim) fO2 values. Metasomatism of the lithospheric mantle may thus have a greater impact on diamond stability than previously thought.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Electron microprobes; Fluorescence intensities; Garnet peridotite; Linear calibration; Lithospheric mantle; Mantle metasomatism; Quantitative mapping; Ssbauer spectroscopies
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Author:Kamenetsky, VS (Professor Vadim Kamenetsky)
ID Code:84978
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:12
Deposited By:Centre for Ore Deposit Research - CODES CoE
Deposited On:2013-06-09
Last Modified:2017-10-30
Downloads:0

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