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Change and variability in East Antarctic sea ice seasonality, 1979/802009/10

Citation

Massom, RA and Reid, P and Stammerjohn, S and Raymond, B and Fraser, AD and Ushio, S, Change and variability in East Antarctic sea ice seasonality, 1979/80-2009/10, PLoS One, 8, (5) Article e64756. ISSN 1932-6203 (2013) [Refereed Article]


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Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

DOI: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0064756

Abstract

Recent analyses have shown that significant changes have occurred in patterns of sea ice seasonality in West Antarctica since 1979, with wide-ranging climatic, biological and biogeochemical consequences. Here, we provide the first detailed report on long-term change and variability in annual timings of sea ice advance, retreat and resultant ice season duration in East Antarctica. These were calculated from satellite-derived ice concentration data for the period 1979/80 to 2009/10. The pattern of change in sea ice seasonality off East Antarctica comprises mixed signals on regional to local scales, with pockets of strongly positive and negative trends occurring in near juxtaposition in certain regions e.g., Prydz Bay. This pattern strongly reflects change and variability in different elements of the marine "icescape", including fast ice, polynyas and the marginal ice zone. A trend towards shorter sea-ice duration (of 1 to 3 days per annum) occurs in fairly isolated pockets in the outer pack from~95110E, and in various near-coastal areas that include an area of particularly strong and persistent change near Australia's Davis Station and between the Amery and West Ice Shelves. These areas are largely associated with coastal polynyas that are important as sites of enhanced sea ice production/melt. Areas of positive trend in ice season duration are more extensive, and include an extensive zone from 160170E (i.e., the western Ross Sea sector) and the near-coastal zone between 40100E. The East Antarctic pattern is considerably more complex than the well-documented trends in West Antarctica e.g., in the Antarctic Peninsula-Bellingshausen Sea and western Ross Sea sectors.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:East Antarctica, Sea Ice, variability
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience
Research Field:Glaciology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)
Author:Massom, RA (Dr Robert Massom)
Author:Raymond, B (Dr Ben Raymond)
Author:Fraser, AD (Dr Alex Fraser)
ID Code:84783
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:44
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2013-05-31
Last Modified:2017-10-30
Downloads:379 View Download Statistics

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