Bui, DS and Burgess, JA and Matheson, MC and Erbas, B and Perret, J and Morrison, S and Giles, GG and Hopper, JL and Thomas, PS and Markos, J and Abramson, MJ and Walters, EH and Dharmage, SC, Ambient wood smoke, traffic pollution and adult asthma prevalence and severity, Respirology, 18, (7) pp. 1101-1107. ISSN 1323-7799 (2013) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2013 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Background and objective: The impact of ambient wood smoke and traffic-related air pollution on adult asthma has not been well studied. This paper aims to investigate associations between exposure to ambient wood smoke, traffic-related air pollution and current asthma / asthma severity in middle-age, and whether any associations are modified by atopic status.
Methods: Using data from the Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study, we investigated associations between ambient wood smoke and two indices of traffic-related air pollution (frequency of heavy vehicles near the home and frequency of intense traffic noise) and current asthma / asthma severity. We used unconditional logistic regression to examine current asthma and ordinal logistic regression to examine asthma severity.
Results: For asthmatics, both exposure to ambient wood smoke (OR 1.11; 95% CI: 1.02- 1.20) and being frequently exposed to heavy vehicles (OR 1.80; 95%CI: 1.09- 2.96) were associated with increased asthma severity. Neither association varied by atopic status.
Conclusions: In middle-aged adults, ambient wood smoke and traffic pollution were associated with increased asthma severity. These findings suggest that avoiding or limiting exposure to traffic pollution and wood smoke may help to reduce asthma. Future studies to replicate this finding are recommended and should examine specific biological mechanisms for this effect.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||adult asthma, ambient wood smoke, atopic status, severity, traffic pollution|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology|
|Research Field:||Respiratory Diseases|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Respiratory System and Diseases (incl. Asthma)|
|UTAS Author:||Walters, EH (Professor Haydn Walters)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||14|
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