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The Gender Wage Gap: A Comparison of Australia and Canada


Kidd, MP and Shannon, M, The Gender Wage Gap: A Comparison of Australia and Canada, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 49, (4) pp. 729-46. ISSN 0019-7939 (1996) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.2307/2524519


Using data from the 1989 Canadian Labour Market Activity Survey and, for Australia, the 1989-90 Income Distribution Survey, the authors investigate the reasons for the significantly lower gender wage gap in Australia than in Canada. Key similarities and differences between these two countries, the authors argue, make them a good basis for a "natural experiment" to investigate the effects of different labor market institutions. In particular, Australia has a stronger union movement and a greater degree of centralization in wage determination than Canada, and most of its workers are covered by legally binding minimum working conditions. The authors conclude that several differences between the countries in labor market structure - notably, a lower rate of return to education, a lower rate of return to labor market experience, and a lower level of wage inequality in Australia than in Canadaare largely responsible for the smaller gender wage gap in Australia.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Economics
Research Group:Applied economics
Research Field:Labour economics
Objective Division:Economic Framework
Objective Group:Microeconomics
Objective Field:Microeconomics not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Kidd, MP (Dr Michael Kidd)
ID Code:8469
Year Published:1996
Web of Science® Times Cited:36
Deposited By:Economics and Finance
Deposited On:1996-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-19

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