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Recovery dynamics of rainfed winter wheat after livestock grazing 1. Growth rates, grain yields, soil water use and water-use efficiency

Citation

Harrison, MT and Evans, JR and Dove, H and Moore, AD, Recovery dynamics of rainfed winter wheat after livestock grazing 1. Growth rates, grain yields, soil water use and water-use efficiency, Crop and Pasture Science, 62, (11) pp. 947-959. ISSN 1836-0947 (2011) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Journal compilation copyright 2011 CSIRO

DOI: doi:10.1071/CP11234

Abstract

Detailed information on the growth dynamics, yield responses and soil water use of dual-purpose cereal crops after grazing is often required to devise guidelines for profitable grazing management. To increase the availability of such data, grazing experiments with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) were conducted near Canberra, Australia. In 2007, cultivar Mackellar was grazed at low-short (LS, 33sheep/ha for 31 days), heavy-short (HS, 67sheep/ha for 31 days) or low-long (LL, 33sheep/ha for 62 days) intensity-durations. In 2008, cultivars Mackellar and Naparoo were grazed at the HS intensity-duration. Aboveground net primary production (ANPP) of ungrazed Mackellar crops averaged 1181g/m2. LS and HS grazing did not affect ANPP in 2007, but LL grazing in 2007 and HS grazing in 2008 treatments reduced ANPP by 20% (which included biomass removed by livestock). Average grain yield (381g/m2) was not significantly affected by grazing. Grazing increased the proportion of water lost through soil evaporation but decreased transpiration, reducing shoot dry matter production per unit evapotranspiration by up to 22%. However, grazing did not affect grain yield per unit evapotranspiration. For rainfed wheat crops grown in temperate environments, greater biomass production occurred with shorter rather than longer grazing durations, irrespective of grazing intensities. © CSIRO 2011.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:defoliation; evaporation; growth rate; herbivory; kernels; soil water; transpiration efficiency; Triticum aestivum; crop yield; cultivar; defoliation; dry matter; evaporation; evapotranspiration; grazing management; growth rate; herbivory; wheat
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Agriculture, Land and Farm Management
Research Field:Agriculture, Land and Farm Management not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Winter Grains and Oilseeds
Objective Field:Wheat
Author:Harrison, MT (Dr Matthew Harrison)
ID Code:84642
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:19
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2013-05-23
Last Modified:2017-11-02
Downloads:0

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