Women farmer's horticultural production constraints, training needs, adoption and implementation in Central Province, Papua New Guinea
Seta-Waken, P and Chambers, B and Palaniappan, G and Birch, CJ, Women farmer's horticultural production constraints, training needs, adoption and implementation in Central Province, Papua New Guinea, SEAVEG 2014: Regional Symposium on Sustaining Small-Scale Vegetable Production and Marketing Systems for Food and Nutrition Security, 25-28 February 2014, Bangkok, Thailand (2014) [Conference Extract]
Subsistence food production is the most important part of Papua New Guinea agriculture. It provides most of the food consumed in the country with an estimated 83% of food energy and 76% of protein. Women play significant roles in various aspects of agricultural development including main crop production, live-stock production, horticulture, post-harvesting operations and fishing. Women in the horticulture industry in the Central Province of Papua New Guinea are no exception. Hence, in an attempt to increase the supply of vegetables into the Port Moresby markets to meet the increasing demand, women and daughters (in the workforce) in the horticulture industry need to be equipped with the required knowledge and skills to help boost their vegetable productivity profiles. Thus, the objectives of this research were (i) to identify the production constraints of women farmers in the horticulture industry at village levels in Central Province through a training needs analysis workshop (ii) to design and conduct training; and (iii) to determine the adoption and implementation of production techniques presented during the training. The main training needs were identified as Farm Production (crop management and irrigation), Marketing (product readiness and negotiating price) and Business Skills (banking and book-keeping). Post training evaluation using survey questionnaires, observations in the field and focus group discussion showed that the training was effective in improving women’s basic business skills, farm production skills and knowledge as well as opening up marketing opportunities that have arisen after the training for these particular women’s group.