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Examining the cultural specificity of approaches to learning in universities in Hong Kong and Sydney


Leung, DYP and Ginns, P and Kember, DR, Examining the cultural specificity of approaches to learning in universities in Hong Kong and Sydney, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 39, (3) pp. 251-266. ISSN 0022-0221 (2008) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2008 Sage Publications

DOI: doi:10.1177/0022022107313905


Western research has characterized approaches to learning for specific learning tasks as discrete deep and surface approaches, distinguished by whether the intention is to understand or memorize. A more appropriate classification scheme for Hong Kong research is a continuum between deep and surface poles. In this article, the authors examine whether this characterization applies also to the West. University students in Australia (n = 1,146) and Hong Kong (n = 1,266) complete the revised Study Process Questionnaire. There are no effects by either discipline or study level in either country. Multiple-group analyses using structural equation modeling show configural invariance across the two samples, suggesting that the continuum characterization of approaches to learning is likely to be applicable for Western counterparts. Hong Kong students had higher mean scores for both deep and surface approaches, showing their greater use of intermediate approaches. © 2008 Sage Publications.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Education systems
Research Field:Higher education
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Learner and learning
Objective Field:Learner and learning not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Kember, DR (Professor David Kember)
ID Code:84510
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:55
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2013-05-15
Last Modified:2014-11-05

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