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Developing a consistent sequence stratigraphy for the Wilkes Land and Great Australian Bight margins

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Lane, H and Muller, RD and Totterdell, JM and Whittaker, J, Developing a consistent sequence stratigraphy for the Wilkes Land and Great Australian Bight margins, Eastern Australasian Basins Symposium IV, 10-14 September 2012, Brisbane, QLD, pp. 1-13. (2012) [Refereed Conference Paper]


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Abstract

The conjugate margins of Wilkes Land, Antarctica, and the Great Australian Bight (GAB) are amongst the least understood continental margins. Breakup along the GAB–Wilkes Land part of the Australian–Antarctic margin commenced at approximately 83 Ma. Using recent stratigraphic interpretations developed for the GAB, we have established a sequence stratigraphy for the Wilkes Land margin that will, for the first time, allow for a unified study of the conjugate margins. By reconstructing the two margins to their positions prior to breakup, we were able to identify comparable packages on the Wilkes Land margin to those recognised on the GAB margin. Excluding the glacial sediments on the Antarctic margin, the sedimentary sequence along the Wilkes Land margin is very thin compared to the GAB margin, which has substantially more syn- and post-rift sediments. Despite the differences in thickness, the syn-rift sedimentary package on the Wilkes Land margin exhibits a similar style of extensional faulting and seismic character to its GAB margin counterpart. In comparison, post-rift sequences on the Wilkes Land margin are markedly different in geometry and seismic character from those found on the GAB margin. Isopach mapping shows substantial differences in the thickness of the post-breakup sediments, suggesting different sediment sources for the two margins. The Late Cretaceous interval termed the "Hammerhead Supersequence" provides much of the post-rift thickness for the GAB margin as a result of large sediment influx into the basin. This supersequence is characterised by a thick progradational succession and was deposited in fluviodeltaic and marine environments. The equivalent succession on the Wilkes Land margin has a different seismic character. It is thinner and aggradational, which is interpreted to represent a distal marine environment of deposition.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:Sequence stratigraphy, Australia, Antarctica
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Marine Geoscience
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Author:Whittaker, J (Dr Jo Whittaker)
ID Code:84450
Year Published:2012
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2013-05-14
Last Modified:2014-08-25
Downloads:0

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