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Physical activity and depression symptom profiles in young men and women with major depression

Citation

McKercher, C and Patton, GC and Schmidt, MD and Venn, AJ and Dwyer, T and Sanderson, K, Physical activity and depression symptom profiles in young men and women with major depression, Psychosomatic Medicine, 75, (4) pp. 366-374. ISSN 0033-3174 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 by the American Psychosomatic Society

DOI: doi:10.1097/PSY.0b013e31828c4d53

Abstract

Objective This study explored whether young adults with major depression who are physically active differ in their depression symptom profile from those physically inactive. Methods Analyses included data from 950 (47.6%) men and 1045 women (mean [standard deviation] age = 31.5 [2.6] years) participating in a national study. Participants reported leisure physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire) and ambulatory activity (pedometer steps per day). Diagnosis and symptoms of major depression were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Results Prevalence of major depression was 5.5% (n = 52) for men and 11.6% (n = 121) for women. Interactions between physical activity and sex were observed for depressed mood, appetite changes, vacillating thoughts, and suicidality (all, p < .050). Among those with major depression, physically active men were significantly less likely to endorse the presence of insomnia (prevalence ratio [PR] = 0.78, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.63-0.96), fatigue (PR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.69-0.99), and suicidality (PR = 0.69, 95% CI = 0.49-0.96) compared with inactive men. Physically active women were significantly less likely to endorse hypersomnia (PR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.27-0.95), excessive/irrational guilt (PR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.59-0.97), vacillating thoughts (PR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.58-0.95), and suicidality (PR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.20-0.89) compared with inactive women. Associations were adjusted for age, physical health, educational attainment, depression severity, and other depressive symptoms. Conclusions Among adults with major depression, those physically active seem to differ in their depression symptom profile from those physically inactive.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:depression, depressive symptoms, physical activity, population-based
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Mental Health
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Mental Health
Author:McKercher, C (Dr Charlotte McKercher)
Author:Schmidt, MD (Dr Michael Schmidt)
Author:Venn, AJ (Professor Alison Venn)
Author:Sanderson, K (Associate Professor Kristy Sanderson)
ID Code:84379
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:15
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2013-05-09
Last Modified:2017-11-07
Downloads:0

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