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Face-to-face or Facebook: Can social connectedness be derived online?


Grieve, RM and Indian, M and Witteveen, K and Tolan, GA and Marrington, J, Face-to-face or Facebook: Can social connectedness be derived online?, Computers in Human Behavior, 29, (3) pp. 604-609. ISSN 0747-5632 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.chb.2012.11.017


Previous research has identified the importance of social connectedness in facilitating a number of positive outcomes, however, investigation of connectedness in online contexts is relatively novel. This research aimed to investigate for the first time social connectedness derived from the use of Facebook. Study 1 investigated whether offline social connectedness and Facebook connectedness were separate constructs. Participants were Facebook users (N = 344) who completed measures of offline social connectedness and Facebook social connectedness. Factor analysis (Maximum Likelihood analysis with Oblimin rotation) revealed Facebook connectedness to be distinct from offline social connectedness. Study 2 examined the relationship between Facebook social connectedness and anxiety, depression, and subjective well-being in a second sample of Facebook users (N = 274) in a cross-sectional design. Results suggest that Facebook use may provide the opportunity to develop and maintain social connectedness in the online environment, and that Facebook connectedness is associated with lower depression and anxiety and greater satisfaction with life. Limitations and future directions are considered. It is concluded that Facebook may act as a separate social medium in which to develop and maintain relationships, providing an alternative social outlet associated with a range of positive psychological outcomes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Facebook; social connectedness; Facebook connectedness; Social Networking Sites; online relationships
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Social and personality psychology
Research Field:Social psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Grieve, RM (Dr Rachel Grieve)
ID Code:84357
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:301
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2013-05-08
Last Modified:2017-10-31

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