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Genetic characterization of selected parasites from people with histories of gastrointestinal disorders using a mutation scanning-coupled approach

Citation

Koehler, AV and Bradbury, RS and Stevens, MA and Haydon, SR and Jex, AR and Gasser, RB, Genetic characterization of selected parasites from people with histories of gastrointestinal disorders using a mutation scanning-coupled approach, Electrophoresis, 34, (12) pp. 1720-1728. ISSN 0173-0835 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

DOI: doi:10.1002/elps.201300100

Abstract

A SSCP analysis and targeted sequencing approach was used for the genetic characterization of some major pathogens from a cohort of 227 people with histories of gastrointestinal disorders. Genomic DNAs from fecal samples were subjected to PCR-amplification of regions in the glycoprotein (gp60) or triose phosphate isomerase (tpi) gene, or the second internal transcribed spacer of nuclear ribosomal DNA (ITS-2). Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and strongylid nematodes were detected in 94, 132 and 12 samples. Cryptosporidium hominis subgenotypes IbA10G2, IdA15G1, IgA17, IgA18, and IfA13G1 were identified in 74.6, 16.9, 5.6, 1.4, and 1.4% of 71 samples, respectively. For Cryptosporidium parvum, subgenotypes IIaA17G2R1 (47.6%) and IIaA18G3R1 (23.8%) were identified in 23 samples. Giardia duodenalis assemblage B (78%) was more common than assemblage A (22%). In addition, DNA of the nematodes Ancylostoma ceylanicum (n = 2), Ancylostoma duodenale (4), Necator americanus (5), and Haemonchus contortus (1) was specifically detected. This is the first report of A. ceylanicum in two persons in Australia and, we provide molecular evidence of H. contortus in a child. This SSCP-based approach should provide a useful diagnostic and analytical tool for a wide range of pathogens.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Cryptosporidium, Giardia, hookworm, pathogen, single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Medical Microbiology
Research Field:Medical Parasitology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Infectious Diseases
Author:Bradbury, RS (Dr Richard Bradbury)
ID Code:84008
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2013-04-10
Last Modified:2014-05-05
Downloads:0

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