Composition and function of peripheral blood stem and progenitor cell harvests from patients with severe active rheumatoid arthritis
Snowden, JA and Nink, V and Cooley, MA and Zaunders, J and Keir, M and Wright, L and Milliken, ST and Brooks, PM and Biggs, JC, Composition and function of peripheral blood stem and progenitor cell harvests from patients with severe active rheumatoid arthritis, British Journal of Haematology, 103, (3) pp. 601 - 609. ISSN 0007-1048 (1998) [Refereed Article]
High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell rescue has been proposed as an intensive therapy for severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In view of previous observations of abnormal haemopoiesis in RA patients, the composition and function of peripheral blood stem cell harvests (PBSCH) was investigated. Compared with PBSCH from healthy allogeneic donors mobilized with the same dose of G-CSF (filgrastim; 10 microg/kg/d, n = 14), RA PBSCH (n = 9) contained significantly fewer mononuclear cells (375 v 569 x 10(6)/kg, P = 0.03) and CD34+ cells (2.7 v 5.8 x 10(6)/kg, P = 0.003). However, there were increased proportions of CD14+ cells (P = 0.006) and CD14+ CD15+ cells (the phenotype of previously described 'abnormal' myeloid cells, P = 0.002) in the RA PBSCH which translated into 3.5- and 7-fold increases respectively on a per CD34+ cell basis. There were no differences in T-cell activation status as judged by proportions of CD4+ and CD8+ expressing CD45RA, CD45RO, HLA-DR and CD28 (RA PBSCH, n = 7, donor PBSCH, n = 5, P = 0.2-0.7). Phytohaemagglutinin responses determined fluorocytometrically with induction of CD69 expression were reduced in CD4+ and CD8+ cells following filgrastim administration in 3/3 RA patients tested. Compared with bone marrow as a potential source of CD34+ cells, PBSCH contained 11-fold more T cells (P < 0.0005), 8-fold more B cells (P < 0.0005) and 4-fold more monocytes (P = 0.02). In short-term methylcellulose culture there were no differences in colony counts (CFU-GM, CFU-GEMM, BFU-E) per CD34+ cell from PBSCH from RA patients (n = 11) and healthy donors (n = 10). Long-term culture initiator cells were cultured successfully from cryopreserved PBSCH from RA patients (n = 9). In conclusion, PBSCH from RA patients differed significantly in composition from normal individuals, but in vitro studies support normal stem and progenitor cell function. Changes in T-cell function occur during mobilization in RA patients. This work provides reassurance for the use of PBSCH as haematological rescue and baseline data for clinical trials of graft manipulation strategies in patients with RA.