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Effects of climate-driven primary production change on marine food webs: Implications for fisheries and conservation

Citation

Brown, CJ and Fulton, EA and Hobday, AJ and Matear, RJ and Possingham, HP and Bulman, C and Christensen, V and Forrest, RE and Gehrke, PC and Gribble, NA and Griffiths, SP and Lozano-Montes, H and Martin, JM and Metcalf, S and Okey, TA and Watson, RA and Richardson, AJ, Effects of climate-driven primary production change on marine food webs: Implications for fisheries and conservation, Global Change Biology, 16, (4) pp. 1194-1212. ISSN 1354-1013 (2010) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02046.x

Abstract

Climate change is altering the rate and distribution of primary production in the world's oceans. Primary production is critical to maintaining biodiversity and supporting fishery catches, but predicting the response of populations to primary production change is complicated by predation and competition interactions. We simulated the effects of change in primary production on diverse marine ecosystems across a wide latitudinal range in Australia using the marine food web model Ecosim. We link models of primary production of lower trophic levels (phytoplankton and benthic producers) under climate change with Ecosim to predict changes in fishery catch, fishery value, biomass of animals of conservation interest, and indicators of community composition. Under a plausible climate change scenario, primary production will increase around Australia and generally this benefits fisheries catch and value and leads to increased biomass of threatened marine animals such as turtles and sharks. However, community composition is not strongly affected. Sensitivity analyses indicate overall positive linear responses of functional groups to primary production change. Responses are robust to the ecosystem type and the complexity of the model used. However, model formulations with more complex predation and competition interactions can reverse the expected responses for some species, resulting in catch declines for some fished species and localized declines of turtle and marine mammal populations under primary productivity increases. We conclude that climate-driven primary production change needs to be considered by marine ecosystem managers and more specifically, that production increases can simultaneously benefit fisheries and conservation. Greater focus on incorporating predation and competition interactions into models will significantly improve the ability to identify species and industries most at risk from climate change. © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Climate change; Ecological interactions; Fisheries; Food web model; Marine biodiversity; biodiversity; catch statistics; climate change; climate effect; community composition; fishery management; food web; marine ecosystem; modeling; trophic level
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Aquatic Ecosystem Studies and Stock Assessment
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Wild Caught
Objective Field:Wild Caught Fin Fish (excl. Tuna)
Author:Watson, RA (Professor Reginald Watson)
ID Code:83734
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:80
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2013-03-21
Last Modified:2013-03-21
Downloads:0

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