Congruent patterns of lineage diversity in two species complexes of planktonic crustaceans, Daphnia longispina (Cladocera) and Eucyclops serrulatus (Copepoda), in East European mountain lakes
Hamrova, E and Krajicekk, M and Karanovic, T and Cerny, M and Petrusek, A, Congruent patterns of lineage diversity in two species complexes of planktonic crustaceans, Daphnia longispina (Cladocera) and Eucyclops serrulatus (Copepoda), in East European mountain lakes, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 166, (4) pp. 754-767. ISSN 0024-4082 (2012) [Refereed Article]
Cladocerans and copepods are globally important freshwater zooplankton groups, differing in reproductive modes and dispersal abilities. We compared genetic variation of two common taxa of these crustaceans, the Daphnia longispina species complex (known to harbour multiple cryptic lineages) and Eucyclops serrulatus (morphologically and ecologically variable morphospecies), in lakes of ten Eastern European mountain ranges. We expected to discover cryptic lineages in both groups, and to observe different geographical patterns of diversity because of differences in life cycles. Within E. serrulatus, limited sampling through lowland habitats indeed showed the presence of eight highly divergent clades, probably cryptic species, but most of these were not found in the studied mountain lakes. Such a pattern was congruent with the diversity of the D. longispina complex. Regional coexistence of multiple clades within respective species complexes (two in Eucyclops and three in Daphnia) was observed only in the Tatra Mountains (on the Polish−Slovak border). In all other studied mountain ranges (in the Balkans), only single lineages of Daphnia and Eucyclops, respectively, were present, showing similar intraspecific patterns and no evidence for stronger dispersal limitation in Eucyclops than in Daphnia. Our results indicate that substantial cryptic variation may be expected in seemingly widespread copepod taxa. However, detection of cryptic lineages is not a general pattern in mountain lakes, although these habitats harbour substantial genetic diversity in crustacean zooplankton.