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Phylogenetic analyses of bacteria in sea ice at Cape Hallett, Antarctica

Citation

Maas, EW and Simpson, AM and Martin, A and Thompson, S and Koh, EY and Davy, SK and Ryan, KG and O'Toole, RF, Phylogenetic analyses of bacteria in sea ice at Cape Hallett, Antarctica, New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 46, (1) pp. 3-12. ISSN 0028-8330 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 The Royal Society of New Zealand

DOI: doi:10.1080/00288330.2011.579981

Abstract

Every year, an area of sea ice forms around the continent of Antarctica that is inhabited by communities of microbes. Although the microbial component of this habitat has been postulated to play an ecologically important role in the Southern Ocean, our understanding of the diversity of Antarctic sea-ice bacteria is limited. The aim of this study was to identify bacterial components present in sea ice at Cape Hallett. Total community DNA was isolated from sea-ice cores and the 16S ribosomal RNA genes were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using a range of universal and targeted primer sets. PCR products were de-replicated using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and distinct RFLP types were sequenced. The major bacterial classes identified consisted of α-proteobacteria, γ-proteobacteria, Cytophaga-Flavobacteria-Bacteroides group and a small number of Gram-positive species. Our findings indicate that the bacterial component of sea ice at Cape Hallett is primarily heterotrophic. Cyanobacteria and Archaea were not detected using the methods and primer sets employed in this study. However, bacteria whose 16S rDNA sequences cluster with species that encode phototrophic genes were detected in our sea-ice samples. This raised the possibility that bacterial phototrophy may occur in Antarctic sea ice.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Antarctica, sea ice, bacterial community composition, 16S rRNA
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Martin, A (Dr Andrew Martin)
Author:O'Toole, RF (Dr Ronan O'Toole)
ID Code:83706
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2013-03-21
Last Modified:2016-09-27
Downloads:0

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