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Protected and threatened components of fish biodiversity in the mediterranean sea

Citation

Mouillot, D and Albouy, C and Guilhaumon, F and Ben Rais Lasram, F and Coll, M and Devictor, V and Meynard, CN and Pauly, D and Tomasini, JA and Troussellier, M and Velez, L and Watson, RA and Douzery, EJP and Mouquet, N, Protected and threatened components of fish biodiversity in the mediterranean sea, Current Biology, 21, (12) pp. 1044-1050. ISSN 0960-9822 (2011) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.cub.2011.05.005

Abstract

The Mediterranean Sea (0.82% of the global oceanic surface) holds 4%-18% of all known marine species (∼17,000), with a high proportion of endemism [1, 2]. This exceptional biodiversity is under severe threats [1] but benefits from a system of 100 marine protected areas (MPAs). Surprisingly, the spatial congruence of fish biodiversity hot spots with this MPA system and the areas of high fishing pressure has not been assessed. Moreover, evolutionary and functional breadth of species assemblages [3] has been largely overlooked in marine systems. Here we adopted a multifaceted approach to biodiversity by considering the species richness of total, endemic, and threatened coastal fish assemblages as well as their functional and phylogenetic diversity. We show that these fish biodiversity components are spatially mismatched. The MPA system covers a small surface of the Mediterranean (0.4%) and is spatially congruent with the hot spots of all taxonomic components of fish diversity. However, it misses hot spots of functional and phylogenetic diversity. In addition, hot spots of endemic species richness and phylogenetic diversity are spatially congruent with hot spots of fishery impact. Our results highlight that future conservation strategies and assessment efficiency of current reserve systems will need to be revisited after deconstructing the different components of biodiversity. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:animal; article; biodiversity; classification; fish; Mediterranean Sea; Animals; Biodiversity; Fishes; Mediterranean Sea
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Aquatic Ecosystem Studies and Stock Assessment
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Wild Caught
Objective Field:Wild Caught Fin Fish (excl. Tuna)
Author:Watson, RA (Professor Reginald Watson)
ID Code:83628
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:62
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2013-03-20
Last Modified:2013-03-20
Downloads:0

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