Reactive iron and manganese distributions in seabed sediments near small mountainous rivers off Oregon and California (USA)
Roy, M and McManus, J and Goni, MA and Chase, Z and Borgeld, JC and Wheatcroft, RA and Muratli, JM and Megowan, MR and Mix, A, Reactive iron and manganese distributions in seabed sediments near small mountainous rivers off Oregon and California (USA), Continental Shelf Research, 54 pp. 67-79. ISSN 0278-4343 (2013) [Refereed Article]
We examined the spatial distribution of sedimentary reactive iron (FeR) and manganese (MnR) along the continental shelf near the mouth of the Umpqua River, Oregon (USA). A well-defined muddy (silt+clay) depocenter of fluvial origin characterizes this part of the Oregon margin. Reactive Fe and Mn contents are elevated within the silt-rich landward edge of the depocenter. Away from this depocenter, sediments are predominantly sandy both along the inner-shelf (<∼100 m depth) and mid-shelf (∼100–150 m depth) and have lower concentrations of reactive metals compared to the depocenter. Sediments are also muddy along the slope (>∼150 m depth) and have elevated FeR and MnR. Based on their correlation with sediment grain size, it appears that FeR and to a lesser extent MnR, are associated with mud size sediments. Reactive metal concentration is also positively correlated with organic carbon (OC) content, indicating a potentially common source. Seabed sediments from five other small, mountainous river systems (Klamath, Eel, Navarro, Russian, and Salinas) located south of Umpqua show the same general relationship between FeR and OC. Although both FeR and MnR exhibit similar relationships to grain size and OC, the relationships with MnR exhibit considerable scatter. Comparison of Umpqua River suspended sediment data with the seabed data suggests that MnR is more prone to loss from sediment particles during transit to the seabed as compared to FeR, and this difference explains why FeR maintains a reasonably tight relationship with organic carbon and particle size along the seafloor relative to MnR.
iron, Oregon margin, marine sediment, reactive iron manganese