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Global biodiversity conservation and the alleviation of poverty

Citation

Turner, WR and Brandon, K and Brooks, TM and Gascon, C and Gibbs, HK and Lawrence, KS and Mittermeier, RA and Selig, ER, Global biodiversity conservation and the alleviation of poverty, BioScience, 62, (1) pp. 85-92. ISSN 0006-3568 (2012) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 American Institute of Biological Sciences

DOI: doi:10.1525/bio.2012.62.1.13

Abstract

Poverty and biodiversity loss are two of the world’s dire challenges. Claims of conservation’s contribution to poverty alleviation, however, remain controversial. Here, we assess the flows of ecosystem services provided to people by priority habitats for terrestrial conservation, considering the global distributions of biodiversity, physical factors, and socioeconomic context. We estimate the value of these habitats to the poor, both through direct benefits and through payments for ecosystem services to those stewarding natural habitats. The global potential for biodiversity conservation to support poor communities is high: The top 25% of conservation priority areas could provide 56%–57% of benefits. The aggregate benefits are valued at three times the estimated opportunity costs and exceed $1 per person per day for 331 million of the world’s poorest people. Although trade-offs remain, these results show win–win synergies between conservation and poverty alleviation, indicate that effective financial mechanisms can enhance these synergies, and suggest biodiversity conservation as a fundamental component of sustainable economic development.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ecosystem service flows, poverty alleviation, biodiversity conservation priorities, natural capital, valuation
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental Science and Management
Research Field:Environmental Science and Management not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of environments not elsewhere classified
Author:Brooks, TM (Dr Thomas Brooks)
ID Code:83453
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:46
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2013-03-14
Last Modified:2013-06-12
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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