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A practical look at harmonics in power transformer differential protection


Madzikanda, E and Negnevitsky, M, A practical look at harmonics in power transformer differential protection, Proceedings of the IEEE PES International Conference on Power Systems Technology (POWERCON 2012), 30 October - 2 November, Auckland, New Zealand, pp. 1-6. ISBN 978-1-4673-2868-5 (2012) [Refereed Conference Paper]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 IEEE

DOI: doi:10.1109/PowerCon.2012.6401274


Differential protection of transformers traditionally uses second and/or fifth harmonics to block its operation during inrush conditions. The second and/or fifth harmonics produced during fault condition, when a protection system is required to operate, have in some cases blocked or delayed operation of transformer differential protection. The problem is to distinguish fault and inrush situations and allow the protection system to operate when there is fault, and to block it during inrush conditions. In order to achieve this, we propose to measure the rate of change of the third harmonic as an additional indicator of the fault condition. If the rate of change of the third harmonic exceeds some predefined threshold and the second and/or fifth harmonic are detected, the protection system will be allowed to operate, and otherwise it is blocked.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:current transformer saturation, harmonic restraint/blocking, inrush, symmetrical components
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Electrical engineering
Research Field:Electrical energy generation (incl. renewables, excl. photovoltaics)
Objective Division:Energy
Objective Group:Renewable energy
Objective Field:Biofuel energy
UTAS Author:Negnevitsky, M (Professor Michael Negnevitsky)
ID Code:83291
Year Published:2012
Deposited By:Centre for Renewable Power Energy Systems
Deposited On:2013-03-07
Last Modified:2017-10-03
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