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Impacts of genetic drift and restricted gene flow in indigenous cattle breeds: evidence from the Jutland breed

Citation

Bruniche-Olsen, A and Gravlund, P and Lorenzen, ED, Impacts of genetic drift and restricted gene flow in indigenous cattle breeds: evidence from the Jutland breed, Animal Genetic Resources, 50 pp. 75-85. ISSN 2078-6336 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

DOI: doi:10.1017/S2078633611000373

Abstract

Indigenous cattle breeds represent a unique genetic resource, and understanding their variability, population structure and breeding units is important for their sustainable conservation. The endangered Jutland breed was widespread in Denmark in the eighteenth cen- tury, but decreased in population size following the introduction of modern farming. We investigated the impact of recent anthropo- genic fragmentation of the breed by analysing 737-bp mitochondrial DNA and 23 microsatellites in 207 individuals. The results revealed the Jutland breed as a unique genetic entity with high levels of genetic diversity, and only limited introgression from other black-pied breeds. The data reflected the impacts of fragmentation and restricted gene flow in breeds with small segregated herds, and revealed the rapid differentiation of herds resulting from genetic drift. The application of a management strategy that con- serves diversity and minimizes increase in inbreeding is important for the future conservation of the Jutland breed and other indigenous cattle breeds.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Genetics
Research Field:Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales
Author:Bruniche-Olsen, A (Ms Anna Bruniche-Olsen)
ID Code:83267
Year Published:2012
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2013-03-07
Last Modified:2013-07-08
Downloads:0

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