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Effects of a home-based intervention among patients with congestive heart failure discharged from acute hospital care

Citation

Stewart, S and Pearson, S and Horowitz, JD, Effects of a home-based intervention among patients with congestive heart failure discharged from acute hospital care, Archives of Internal Medicine, 158, (10) pp. 1067-72. ISSN 0003-9926 (1998) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 1998 American Medical Association

DOI: doi:10.1001/archinte.158.10.1067

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We examined the effect of a home-based intervention (HBI) on readmission and death among "high-risk" patients with congestive heart failure discharged home from acute hospital care. METHODS: Hospitalized patients with congestive heart failure and impaired systolic function, intolerance to exercise, and a history of 1 or more hospital admissions for acute heart failure were randomized to either usual care (n=48) or HBI at 1 week after discharge (n=49). Home-based intervention comprised a single home visit (by a nurse and pharmacist) to optimize medication management, identify early clinical deterioration, and intensify medical follow-up and caregiver vigilance as appropriate. The primary end point of the study was frequency of unplanned readmissions plus out-of-hospital deaths within 6 months of discharge. Secondary end points included duration of hospital stay and overall mortality. RESULTS: During follow-up, patients in the HBI group had fewer unplanned readmissions (36 vs 63; P=.03) and fewer out-of-hospital deaths (1 vs 5; P=.11): 0.8+/-0.9 vs 1.4+/-1.8 (mean +/- SD) events per patient assigned to HBI and usual care, respectively (P=.03). Patients in the HBI group also had fewer days of hospitalization (261 vs 452; P=.05) and fewer total deaths (6 vs 12; P=.11). Patients assigned to usual care were more likely to experience 3 or more readmissions for acute heart failure (P=.02). Predictors of unplanned readmission were (1) 14 days or more of unplanned readmission during the 6 months before study entry (odds ratio [OR], 5.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.8-16.2), (2) previous admission for acute myocardial ischemia (OR, 3.3; 95% CI, 1.2-9.1), and (3) an albumin plasma concentration of 38 g/L or less (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.2-6.0). Home-based intervention was also associated with a trend toward reduced risk of unplanned readmission (OR, 0.4; 95% CI, 0.2-1.1). CONCLUSION: Among a cohort of high-risk patients with congestive heart failure, HBI was associated with reduced frequency of unplanned readmissions plus out-of-hospital deaths within 6 months of discharge from the hospital.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:home-based intervention, congestive heart failure
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Primary Health Care
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Health and Support Services
Objective Field:Evaluation of Health Outcomes
Author:Pearson, S (Dr Sue Pearson)
ID Code:83230
Year Published:1998
Web of Science® Times Cited:249
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2013-03-06
Last Modified:2013-06-24
Downloads:0

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